Strabismus is a general term for an eye condition sometimes associated with amblyopia (lazy eye). However, they’re two separate conditions altogether, even though an eye patch may be used in treating both.
In this condition, the eyes are not properly aligned with each other. The eye muscles aren’t working together, so each eye appears to be looking at a different point. As a result, it could affect depth perception.
It’s not a condition that one will eventually outgrow. This is a case where time doesn’t necessarily put things right. Seek medical treatment (even surgery for strabismus), no matter the age of your child. You’ll both be happy you did!
Click here to view a RANZCO information sheet on Strabismus Surgery.
Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye. This condition is also sometimes called lazy eye.
Amblyopia can result from any condition that prevents the eye from focusing clearly. Amblyopia can be caused by the misalignment of the two eyes—a condition called strabismus. With strabismus, the eyes can cross in (esotropia) or turn out (exotropia). Occasionally, amblyopia is caused by a clouding of the front part of the eye, a condition called cataract.
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