Dry Eye Syndrome

A constant flow of tears is essential for good eye health. Some- times the eye may not produce enough tears or the tear quality is poor. This results in dry eye syndrome. In Australia and New Zealand, about one adult in 10 is affected. Possible causes include:

  • some medications such as antihistamines or antidepressants
  • certain medical conditions such as Bell’s Palsy
  • autoimmune diseases such as lupus, Sjorgen’s syndrome or rheumatoid arthritis
  • getting older
  • smoking
  • living in a dry or windy climate
  • vision correction surgery
  • long-term contact lens wear.

For an information sheet on Dry Eye Syndrome from RANZCO click here.


Blepharitis is inflammation of the margins of the eyelids. Both eyes are usually affected. The condition appears in two forms: anterior (on the top eyelid) and posterior (on the lower eyelid). The most common cause is bacterial infection in the glands of the eyelids and eyelash follicles. Blepharitis can occur in children and adults of any age. Signs and symptoms include:

  • a feeling of “something in the eye”
  • excessive or frothy tears
  • itchiness
  • excessive blinking
  • photophobia (sensitivity to light)
  • crusty or sticky eyelashes, particularly in the morning.

For an information sheet on Blepharitis from RANZCO click here.

Chalazion and Stye

A chalazion is a mass or cyst in the upper or lower eyelid that is benign, or non-cancerous. Chalazions are often chronic, which means that they recur frequently.

A chalazion starts with inflammation of the meibomian gland. This is one of the glands of the eye that produces a substance to keep the eyelids separated. The eyelids may stick together, and one of the tear ducts becomes blocked. The eyelid then becomes inflamed and a cyst, or chalazion, develops. This condition may take a few days to a few weeks to develop.

If the chalazion is left untreated, the eyelid can be permanently scarred, resulting in lost or crooked eyelashes. A large, untreated chalazion can cause astigmatism, and blurred vision.

Refraction (Glasses)

Although all our Ophthalmologists are trained to prescribe glasses, we suggest you visit your local optometrist for all routine eye check ups.

However, if you are wanting to explore alternatives to glasses part of our practice operates through iLaser Vision click here.

Eye examinations (Driving licence, armed forces etc)

Newcastle Eye Centre provides the appropriate services to facilitate these examinations and reports.